Pregnancy in women with sickle cell anemia presents a unique clinical scenario, entailing intricate management strategies due to the inherent challenges posed by hemolysis and vaso-occlusive events. The convergence of the pathophysiological complexities of sickle cell anemia and the physiological changes during gestation underscores the significance of addressing hemolysis in pregnant individuals with this hemoglobinopathy. This paper synthesizes current understanding and clinical perspectives on the impact of hemolysis in pregnant women with sickle cell anemia, exploring its implications on maternal health, fetal well-being, and strategies for optimized care. Emphasis is placed on elucidating the underlying mechanisms, delineating maternal and fetal complications, and outlining current management approaches. Furthermore, this review highlights emerging interventions and future directions aimed at improving maternal and fetal outcomes in this challenging clinical scenario. By comprehensively addressing the intricacies of hemolysis in pregnant women with sickle cell anemia, this review aims to provide insights that guide clinicians and researchers toward enhancing care and ensuring better maternal-fetal health in this vulnerable population.
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Kampala International University, Uganda.
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