Oxygen deprivation, or hypoxia, during pregnancy poses a multifaceted challenge to maternal and fetal well-being, significantly impacting gestational outcomes. This comprehensive review endeavors to elucidate the intricate mechanisms and consequences of hypoxia on maternal health within the context of pregnancy. Through an exploration of the complex interplay between oxygen insufficiency, placental function, and maternal physiology, this review aims to unravel the far-reaching implications of hypoxia on pregnancy outcomes. The discourse encompasses the pivotal role of hypoxia in precipitating various pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia, gestational hypoxia, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), shedding light on their underlying pathophysiological processes and potential therapeutic avenues. By synthesizing current knowledge, this review aims to advance our comprehension of hypoxia\'s impact on maternal health during gestation, fostering the development of targeted interventions to alleviate adverse outcomes associated with oxygen deprivation in pregnancy.
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Kampala International University, Uganda.
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